The solubility product constant (Ksp) describes the equilibrium between a solid and its constituent ions in a solution. The value of the constant identifies the degree to which the compound can dissociate in water. The higher the Ksp, the more soluble the compound is.
What is the significance of KSP?
Ksp (Solubility product constant) is the equilibrium between a solid and its respective ions in a solution. The value of the constant identifies the degree of which the compound can dissociate in water. For example the higher the Ksp the more soluble the compound is.
What happens when KSP is higher than Q?
If Q > Ksp, a precipitate will form. Note that precipitation may not happen immediately if Q is equal to or greater than Ksp. A solution could be supersaturated for some time until precipitation occurs. Fractional precipitation is a technique that separates ions from solution based on their different solubilities.
What is KSP?
Ksp is called solubility product constant, or simply solubility product. In general, the solubility product of a compound represents the product of molar concentrations of ions raised to the power of their respective stoichiometric coefficients in the equilibrium reaction.
Does pH affect solubility?
For ionic compounds containing basic anions, solubility increases as the pH of the solution is decreased. For ionic compounds containing anions of negligible basicity (such as the conjugate bases of strong acids), solubility is unaffected by changes in pH.
Why does KSP increase with temperature?
An increase in temperature puts a stress on the equilibrium condition and causes it to shift to the right. The stress is relieved because the dissolving process consumes some of the heat. Therefore, the solubility (concentration) increases with an increase in temperature. If the process is exothermic (heat given off).
What does a higher KSP mean?
The solubility product constant, Ksp, is the equilibrium constant for a solid substance dissolving in an aqueous solution. It represents the level at which a solute dissolves in solution. The more soluble a substance is, the higher the Ksp value it has.
How is KSP calculated?
Let’s do an example: The solubility of Ag2CrO4 in water is 1.31 x 10-4 moles/L. Calculate the value of Ksp . Using mole ratios, the [Ag+] will go up by (2 x 1.31 x 10-4 moles/L) = 2.62 x 10-4 moles/L.
How does solubility affect everyday life?
Real-life examples of solubility include adding sugar to hot coffee, stirring a bouillon packet into hot water and taking medications that quickly absorb into the blood stream. A negative example of solubility is the dissolving of toxic metals and chemicals into a water supply.
Does a higher Ksp precipitate first?
When two anions form slightly soluble compounds with the same cation, or when two cations form slightly soluble compounds with the same anion, the less soluble compound (usually, the compound with the smaller Ksp) generally precipitates first when we add a precipitating agent to a solution containing both anions (or …
What is the relationship between Q and Ksp?
If Q=Ksp , then equilibrium has been reached, and no MACROSCOPIC change will occur. If Q<Ksp , then any precipitate will go up into solution. At Q>Ksp , then precipitation will occur.
What will happen to a solution where Q Ksp?
If more solid as added to an unsaturated solution, it dissolves until the solution is saturated (at which point there is solid in equilibrium with the solvated ions). … If Q < Ksp, the solution is unsaturated and no precipitation will occur.