Ksp (Solubility product constant) is the equilibrium between a solid and its respective ions in a solution. The value of the constant identifies the degree of which the compound can dissociate in water. For example the higher the Ksp the more soluble the compound is.
What does KSP signify?
The solubility product constant, Ksp, is the equilibrium constant for a solid substance dissolving in an aqueous solution. It represents the level at which a solute dissolves in solution. The more soluble a substance is, the higher the Ksp value it has.
What is the importance of knowing the KSP?
The solubility product constant, or K s p , is an important aspect of chemistry when studying solubility of different solutes. K s p represents how much of the solute will dissolve in solution, and the more soluble a substance is, the higher the chemistry K s p value.
How is solubility constant used?
To do this, simply use the concentration of the common ion as the initial concentration. Example: Estimate the solubility of barium sulfate in a 0.020 M sodium sulfate solution. The solubility product constant for barium sulfate is 1.1 x 10–10.
Why does Ksp increase with temperature?
An increase in temperature puts a stress on the equilibrium condition and causes it to shift to the right. The stress is relieved because the dissolving process consumes some of the heat. Therefore, the solubility (concentration) increases with an increase in temperature. If the process is exothermic (heat given off).
How is Ksp calculated?
Let’s do an example: The solubility of Ag2CrO4 in water is 1.31 x 10-4 moles/L. Calculate the value of Ksp . Using mole ratios, the [Ag+] will go up by (2 x 1.31 x 10-4 moles/L) = 2.62 x 10-4 moles/L.
How does solubility affect everyday life?
Real-life examples of solubility include adding sugar to hot coffee, stirring a bouillon packet into hot water and taking medications that quickly absorb into the blood stream. A negative example of solubility is the dissolving of toxic metals and chemicals into a water supply.
What are the 4 factors affecting solubility?
Factors affecting solubility
- Temperature. Basically, solubility increases with temperature. …
- Polarity. In most cases solutes dissolve in solvents that have a similar polarity. …
- Pressure. Solid and liquid solutes. …
- Molecular size. …
- Stirring increases the speed of dissolving.
What does the value of KSP tell you in terms of equilibrium?
Solubility product constant is simplified equilibrium constant (Ksp) defined for equilibrium between a solids and its respective ions in a solution. Its value indicates the degree to which a compound dissociates in water. The higher the solubility product constant, the more soluble the compound.
Which substance has the greatest solubility in water?
FREE Expert Solution
Water (H2O) is a polar molecule that exhibits hydrogen bonding, so the most soluble solute would be a polar compound that exhibits hydrogen bonding.
Does a higher KSP precipitate first?
When two anions form slightly soluble compounds with the same cation, or when two cations form slightly soluble compounds with the same anion, the less soluble compound (usually, the compound with the smaller Ksp) generally precipitates first when we add a precipitating agent to a solution containing both anions (or …
How is Q related to solubility?
The reaction quotient, Q, can be used to determine whether a precipitate will form with a given concentration of ions. (The reaction quotient is also called the ion product when it is calculated using concentrations of species involved in solubility equilibria.) … If Q = Ksp, a precipitate will form.
What is solubility product and its application?
(i) In predicting the formation of a precipitate. Case I: When , then solution is unsaturated in which more solute can be dissolved. i.e., no precipitation. Case II: When , then solution is saturated in which no more solute can be dissolved but no ppt. is fomed.
How do you solve solubility problems?
Solubility indicates the maximum amount of a substance that can be dissolved in a solvent at a given temperature. Such a solution is called saturated. Divide the mass of the compound by the mass of the solvent and then multiply by 100 g to calculate the solubility in g/100g .